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March 7–10, 2019 Piers 92 & 94

The Armory Show originated in 1994 when four New York gallerists—Colin de Land, Pat Hearn, Matthew Marks, and Paul Morris—launched the fair’s first iteration at the landmark Gramercy Park Hotel.

Gramercy International Art Fair

An impromptu group photo captures some of The Gramercy International Art Fair's first exhibitors and artists from 1996. This early collective included gallerists Carolyn Grasso, Peter Kilchmann, Emi Fontana, Patrick Painter, Nicole Klagsbrun, and Christian Nagel; artists David McDermott and Peter McGough; and fair founders Colin de Land, Pat Hearn, and Paul Morris. Photograph by Sylvie Ball.

Exhibitor Guidelines

The 1994 Gramercy International Art Fair participation guidelines. Photograph by Sylvie Ball.

Floor plan and Exhibitor List

The 1994 Gramercy International Art Fair floor plan and exhibitor list. Photograph by Sylvie Ball.

"If we can help the world understand their artists, and we can also bring together collectors and museums with these dealers, that's probably one of the most important things a fair can accomplish." — Paul Morris, Co-Founder, The Armory Show

Spanning the hotel’s top three floors, The Gramercy International Art Fair, as it was first known, invited a distinct community of international galleries to showcase emerging artists in the hotel’s suites.

Nam June Paik

A work by Nam June Paik from the 1997 Gramercy International Art Fair. Presented by Holly Solomon Gallery. Photograph by Sylvie Ball. © Nam June Paik Estate. Courtesy Gagosian.

Tracey Emin

Tracey Emin, Hotel International, 1994. Presented by Jay Jopling and White Cube. Photograph by Sylvie Ball. © 2018 Tracey Emin. All rights reserved, DACS, London / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.

"It was 1994 and my first time in New York. I was so excited that I couldn’t sleep on the flight over, and upon arriving in New York I stayed up partying all night. Jay Jopling had taken two rooms at the gramercy. One of the rooms, which displayed my work, doubled up as my bedroom." — Tracey Emin, Artist

Mariko Mori

A work by Mariko Mori from the 1996 Gramercy International Art Fair. Presented by Art & Public. Photograph by Sylvie Ball.

Andrea Zittel

A performance by Andrea Zittel during the 1994 Gramercy International Art Fair. Presented by Andrea Rosen Gallery. Photograph by Sylvie Ball.

Mark Dion

Mark Dion, Necrophorus Beetle, 1997. Presented by American Fine Arts, Co. Photograph by Sylvie Ball.

John Armleder

A work by John Armleder from the 1996 Gramercy International Art Fair. Presented by Art & Public. Photograph by Sylvie Ball.

"IT FELT NEW AND FRESH. IT GAVE YOU THE SENSE THAT SOMETHING SEMINAL, SOMETHING EXCITING, WAS HAPPENING IN NEW YORK." — Jay Gorney, Gallerist

Meyer Vaisman

Meyer Vaisman, Untitled Turkey XXll, 1993; Barbara Bloom, The Tip of the Iceberg series; and sculpture by R. M. Fischer. Presented by Jay Gorney at the 1994 Gramercy International Art Fair. Photography by Sylvie Ball.

By the late 1990s, The Gramercy International Art Fair had become an important platform for promoting new and exciting voices in the visual arts—driven by a desire for gallerists and artists to connect with a larger audience of art patrons.

Mark Dion & Christian Nagel

Mark Dion, Lemonade Stand, 1996. Presented by Galerie Christian Nagel and American Fine Arts, Co. Photograph courtesy of the Colin de Land collection, 1968-2008. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

LOT-EK Architecture

Giuseppe Lignano & Ada Tolla, LOT-EK Architecture, Surf-a-Bed, 1997. Presented by Henry Urbach Architecture. Photograph by Sylvie Ball.

Florine Stettheimer Collapsed Time Salon

Presented by Deitch Projects, the first edition of the Florine Stettheimer Collapsed Time Salon at the 1995 Gramercy International Art Fair featured artists Jane Kaplowitz, Elizabeth Peyton, Jeff Koons, and others. Photograph courtesy of Deitch Projects.

"I vividly remember first going to the Gramercy hotel in 1994 and walking in and out of rooms to see a radical presentation of art by leading dealers. It was quite unique and felt very much in the spirit of the avant-garde." — Agnes Gund, President Emerita, The Museum of Modern Art

Fabrice Gygi

A work by Fabrice Gygi from the 1997 Gramercy International Art Fair. Presented by Galerie Bob Van Orsouw. Photograph by Sylvie Ball.

Walter Robinson

Walter Robinson, artist and founding editor-in-chief of artnet Magazine, at the 1996 Gramercy International Art Fair. Photograph by Sylvie Ball.

Nicole Klagsbrun

Nicole Klagsbrun with Sarah Morris and attendees at the 1994 Gramercy International Art Fair. Photograph by Sylvie Ball.

"The Gramercy was exciting because it was the first fair in New York for contemporary arts. We were young and happy to invest. It was a good time to be there." — Christian Nagel, Gallerist

What began as a grassroots effort to energize the art market has grown into a remarkable convergence of international galleries, artists, and art patrons today.